Collective Bargaining

Position Statement on Collective Bargaining


Missouri NEA believes in the plain language of the Missouri Constitution, "That employees shall have the right to organize and to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing." We fought for and fully support the 2007 ruling of the Missouri Supreme Court that this section of the Constitution applies to public employees, including employees in our public schools.


Legislative Responsibility

We believe that the state legislature is responsible for enacting statutes that will ensure the full and prompt implementation of this constitutional right for all public employees. We do not believe that the failure of the legislature to carry out this responsibility in any way negates the right to collective bargaining. A constitutional right is not dependent on statute, but rather controls and limits what is statutorily acceptable. In the absence of legislative action, the Missouri Supreme Court charged public employers with creating a framework for implementation of their employees’ constitutional rights. The legislature’s failure to act does not provide a reason for employers to refuse to acknowledge and implement an established constitutional right. We believe that “a right delayed is a right denied” and that delay by employers in implementing the right to collective bargaining is unacceptable.


Exclusive Representation

We believe that the right to “organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing” includes a number of fundamental elements, without which this right cannot be meaningfully exercised. One of these elements is the right to “representatives of their own choosing.” Employees have a constitutional right to democratically select their own bargaining representative. Measures by which the employer designs, selects or designates an “employee council” or other employer created body as the representative of employees do not meet this standard. In this country, we choose our representatives by holding elections.

In every United States jurisdiction that recognizes a right to collective bargaining, this right means the holding of a democratic election in which employees select a single organization as their exclusive bargaining representative. “Collective bargaining” means just what it implies, bargaining as a collective group, not several different groups or voices claiming to represent the same set of employees at the same time. True collective bargaining calls for the possibility of arriving at a binding, enforceable collective bargaining agreement. Fragmented, multi-party negotiations result in insurmountable practical and technical barriers to the enforcement of a contract and cannot, therefore, result in a binding agreement. There can be no true collective bargaining without the recognition of a single, exclusive bargaining representative that will assume responsibility for monitoring, implementing and enforcing an agreement. Fragmented employee representation by so-called “employee councils,” “umbrella groups,” or other multi-representative schemes is not compatible with real collective bargaining.

In keeping with this principle of exclusive representation, the MNEA Board of Directors resolved unanimously on April 21, 2007, that “MNEA support the concept of exclusive bargaining representation in all locals.” All MNEA locals should set as their goal to engage in true collective bargaining and arrive at a real collective bargaining agreement. It should be the goal of every MNEA local to be democratically chosen as the exclusive bargaining representative for bargaining units that include MNEA members. MNEA is committed to working with every local to realize this goal.


Customized Local Strategic Plans

Recognizing that each MNEA local has different needs and does its work under different circumstances, MNEA is prepared to assist each local in identifying needs and available resources and in developing a strategic plan for achieving the goal of exclusive representative status. This process will include the development between MNEA and the local developing a written agreement that specifies the commitments and resources each will contribute to this shared effort. The first and indispensable element of such an agreement will be a clear and formal decision by the local that it is committed to the goal of exclusivity. MNEA will allocate collective bargaining resources to assist locals entering into such agreements.


A Tool to Achieve Local Control of Local Schools

The Missouri Supreme Court ruled unanimously that formal agreements entered into through the collective bargaining process are legally binding contracts. We believe that the locally negotiated collective bargaining agreement is a basic and indispensable tool for local control of local schools. A negotiated agreement between local school districts and the education experts who are the employees of those districts is a critical element in providing a great public school for every student. We believe that it should be the goal of every MNEA local, acting as exclusive bargaining representative, to arrive at such an agreement.


Bargaining in Good Faith

For the collective bargaining process to succeed as an instrument for creating great public schools, it must proceed in an atmosphere of cooperation, collaboration and mutual respect. This atmosphere requires a bond of trust between the parties. We believe, therefore, that a firm, formal and legally accountable commitment to bargaining in good faith is an essential element of true collective bargaining. We believe that there can be no meaningful implementation of the right to bargain without a formal expectation that bargaining will take place in good faith.


A Non-Disruptive Resolution Process

We believe that the ultimate goal of collective bargaining, as with all of MNEA’s efforts, is a great public school for every student. Disruption of school routine and the educational process can be a barrier to the attainment of this goal. Therefore, we believe that a sound collective bargaining process must include a formalized, non-disruptive, process for the resolution of impasse during the bargaining process and for the resolution of disputes over the maintenance and implementation of the collective bargaining agreement. Although MNEA stands ready to uphold and protect the legal and constitutional rights of our members and all public education employees through every means available to us, up to and including legal actions such as those that resulted in the May 2007 Supreme Court decision, we believe that the creation of non-disruptive, alternative dispute and impasse resolution processes are clearly in the best interest of Missouri’s public school students and the employees that serve them.


In summary, MNEA believes:

1. In the constitutional right to collective bargaining for public employees, as affirmed by the Missouri Supreme Court.

2. That this right supersedes statute, or the absence of a statute.

3. That, in the absence of a statute, it is the responsibility of employers to recognize and implement this right in a manner that reflects all of the inherent elements of real collective bargaining.

4. That the right to collective bargaining necessarily includes the right of employees to elect democratically an exclusive bargaining representative.

5. That all MNEA locals should establish a goal of becoming an exclusive bargaining representative in their districts or institutions.

6. That the goal of all collective bargaining should be the creation of a legally binding and enforceable collective bargaining agreement.

7. That implementation of the right to bargain collectively inherently includes a formal, enforceable requirement that the parties bargain in good faith.

8. That the goal of collective bargaining in our public schools is the creation of a great public school for every student.

9. That this goal is best attained when the collective bargaining process includes a formal, non-disruptive process for the resolution of impasse and disputes.

Adopted by the MNEA Representative Assembly Nov. 7, 2008


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